Commercial Designing and Construction
Are you considering building a new building? You can feel overwhelmed as you try to think through everything involved. And if you haven’t decided whether to remodel, expand, or build a new one, it can be difficult to see the big picture. As a commercial contractor in Bangalore, we have partnered with several business owners to develop multiple commercial properties. In this article, we provide an overview of the business creation process from beginning to end to help you see the bigger picture.
1. PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT
Planning and development is the first phase in the construction project. This phase includes:
Property location detection
Pre-designing the building / facility
Presenting Architect and General Contractor
When contractors connect with architects in the design phase, project costs are easy to estimate. If you go this route, you will get information about the current market value and will be more able to make timely decisions. With the open lines of communication between architects and contractors, your construction document package and details will be stronger. The design team must ensure that all designs meet building codes and regulations.
The bidding process of construction takes place during the design phase. It is necessary to include a construction bid in every commercial construction project; Otherwise, it becomes difficult to determine the total project cost. Construction bids also occur when construction companies are hired as the main contractors of a project. If the entire team is involved in the development of the project, then the construction process runs very smoothly.
A building program allows you to get an idea of space, functional requirements, and building flexibility. Programming is usually controlled by an architect. After the programming phase, you will have a basic idea of the size of the building, the number of rooms, who will use the space and how the space will be used.
The next step is the consideration of desired facilities and site requirements. Feasibility concerns such as site access, building orientation, utility connections and many other items need to be addressed. A great building can fail if important items such as size and location are not understood from the start and are not implemented.
Schematic designs allow you to consider how you want to represent your company. These designs include samples of the material, color, shape, size, texture, and pattern of your building project.
Design development refers to the investigation and research of the equipment and materials required for construction and how much they cost.
CONTRACT DOCUMENTS / WORKING DRAWINGS
The complete set of final specs and drawing is known as contract documents or working drawing. Contractors use these to assess their bids. Builders use them for the construction process. The contract establishes time and cost for each phase of the construction project. These documents keep contractors and vendors away from cost increases during the building construction process.
During the pre-construction phase, a list of materials to request citations is prepared and sent to various vendors and contractors. To choose the best-fit vendor or contractor, at least 3 citations are collected to set a budget analysis. Another step in this phase is to obtain all necessary building permits and insurance requirements.
After the pre-construction phase has started, the project owners notify their selected general contractor to proceed. The contractor then assigns the role that a project team creates. These roles include:
Project Manager: Point-person for the project team.
Superintendent: Directs on-site construction activities and maintains time table (including delivery of equipment and materials).
Contract Administrator: Helps project manager and superintendent with contract details.
Field Engineer: Manages important paperwork. During pre-construction, field engineers examine the site to determine if any steps need to be taken before construction. They check to ensure that the site foundation and environment are in good building condition. They also ensure that no historical artifacts are threatened by the project.
Items required to complete the construction project (eg, labor, equipment, materials) are procured during the procurement phase. In keeping with the contract, an agreement is reached between the owner and the seller. The agreement is known as a purchase order. The purchase order ensures that the purchased product meets the required specs for the agreed price.
If your general contractors do all their construction work, the company will be able to manage the procurement phase on its own. Otherwise, they can use subcontractors. Sub-builders specialize in a specific part of a construction work (eg, concrete, wood, glass). Subcontractors, along with the general contractor, are hired during the bidding process.
The construction phase begins with a meeting organized by the Superintendent. During this meeting, decisions are made regarding working hours, materials storage, site use and quality control. Later, a groundbreaking is conducted. Depending on the design and functionality, the order is used and materials include site excavation, installation of underground utilities, pouring concrete, steel fabrication, framing, roofing, exterior and interior work and more. Each of these steps is supervised by the project manager. And an official state construction inspector. This phase is over as soon as construction is complete.
Prior to occupancy, there are several steps that must be taken after construction is complete. One of these steps involves completing the project punch list. This list includes final walkthrough items such as the need to change the color of the paint or a broken floor tile. After the completion of the punch list, the occupancy phase begins. During occupancy, equipment and furnishings (eg, furniture, desks, blinds) are installed or calibrated. If every requirement for the building has been met, the architect will issue a certificate of sufficient completion. This certificate represents the official completion of the project. Finally, the final inspection is done by the building officer.
READY TO START BUILDING?
We hope that this article has given you an accurate overview of what to expect in the commercial manufacturing process. If you would like to discuss how this process is for your project, please contact us. We will get you in touch with the right people who will be able to talk about the budget, time frame and construction feasibility for your project.